Alcohol septal ablation is a minimally invasive treatment that is performed in order to relieve the symptoms and improve the status of the patients suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). HCM is a genetic condition characterised by primary hypertrophy of the left ventricle. The most common observations are angina, dyspnoea, and sometimes even sudden death.
Over the last one decade, alcohol septal ablation (ASA) has been developed as an alternative to open heart surgery. Alcohol septal ablation involves the injection of hundred percent alcohol into the thickened septal muscle. This technique produces a decrease in the outflow area obstruction by injecting alcohol into the appropriate septal artery. The main reason for performing alcohol septal ablation is to reduce the symptoms of HCM. This procedure is performed using cardiac catheterization. It is suitable for patients who have severe symptoms.
There are some side effects that are observed with alcohol septal ablation. The most common one is the blocking of the heart. Yes, there are chances of complete heart block which will require implantation of a permanent pacemaker. The other side effects are bleeding, irregular heartbeat, and infection . There are even cases, wherein some patients suffered allergic reactions to the alcohol injected.