When we talk of congenital anomalies and birth defects, heart malformation are the most common amongst them and account to almost one of every 100 births globally. Of these, almost 25% of them are fatal. Many a times paediatricians fail to recognize and miss out on diagnosing these defects, as the new born heart and lungs function normally and continue to mature for a few initial days.
34 year Scott Rosser who is London’s Director of Charity Community Transport Association, went through the breakthrough heart surgery using a camera within a balloon. He has been the first man to undergo the heart balloon surgery in the UK.
A new study reveals the surprising turn of events in cardiology cases. Hospitals are treating patients coming with heart attack within 90 minutes of arrival. There are cases when the patient was attended to within 26 minutes and even 16 minutes. Heart attack or a cardiac arrest occurs when the blood supply to the heart is arrested and therefore the heart does not receive oxygen.
Our heart has four valves that let the blood in and also flow out of the heart. Heart valves malfunction either by not closing properly and leaking or partially blocking the blood flow into the heart chambers. The blood can regurgitate back into the chamber when the valve is prolapsed and does not close right. In stenosis, the valve does not open completely.
Elena, a premature baby who came out six weeks earlier had to undergo an open heart surgery in Birmingham Children’s Hospital that saved her life. She was diagnosed with an extremely uncommon heart condition much before she was born during her twentieth week scan. The scan revealed a missing pulmonary valve, a big hole between her two ventricles and enlarged pulmonary arteries.
It has been found that married couples have a greater chance of living up to 15 years after one of them undergoes a coronary bypass when compared to single men and women. Although there is no valid proof about this finding, there is no doubt about the fact that having a mate is extremely reassuring and helps the spouse to recuperate faster. Researches conducted in this area also reveals that being married hikes up your chances of fighting against colon cancer and even aids to lower the aches in rheumatoid arthritis victims.
A recent study says, cooling the cardiac arrest patients, is life saving, reducing the risks of probable neurological damage. Cooling treatment must be ensued within hours, post the arrest for an effective and positive outcome.
Patients who commonly used anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs and COX-2) are studied to be more prone to atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is irregular heart rhythm which is often associated as an underlying cause of heart failure, cardiac arrest, stroke and even death. A study conducted was on 32,602 patients with atrial fibrillation. The patients were classified as recent NSAID users and long term users.
Scientists have come to the conclusion that sudden deaths due to cardiac issues can be caused by genetic defects. This fact can be of immense help in trying to reduce sudden deaths in patients who have been suffering from Long QT syndrome which is an unusual and hereditary heart rhythm disorder.
Stem cell treatment involves introducing new cells into the damaged tissue that self-renews to generate and replace the diseased tissue and thus help treatment of a disease or an injury. Several researches have been conducted using stem cell treatment strategy targeting the heart diseases.